Designation:

Type 10

Info
Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries  
Product type: Armoured Vehicles  
Name: Main battle tank  

The TK-X (MBT-X) project aims to produce the new Type 10 main battle tank, to replace or complement the existing Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks that are currently in service with the Japan Ground Self Defense Force. Development began in the 1990s, and production is expected to start in 2010–2011. A prototype was revealed on February 13, 2008 at the Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI) in Sagamihara. Heavy emphasis was placed on C4I capabilities as well as on performance, firepower, protection and mobility.

The use of modular components significantly improves the side armor compared to the Type 90. The Commander's Panoramic Sight has been moved to the right and is located at a higher position than the Type 90, giving the commander a wide range of view.

According to a GlobalSecurity report, the vehicle is expected to be armed with a new 120 mm smoothbore gun developed by Japan Steel Works, who also license-produce the Rheinmetall L44 120mm gun for the Type 90 MBT. There is an option for longer barrels of 50 and 55 calibers (L50, L55). The gun will fire newly developed armor-piercing ammunition, but is also compatible with all standard 120 mm NATO ammunition.

The vehicle's armor consists of modular sections, providing the ability to mount varying degrees of protection depending on the mission profile as well as weight requirements. Vehicle weight is about 40 tonnes with the base configuration, and 48 tonnes when fully equipped. The prototype featured in 2008 at TRDI weighed 44 tonnes.

The development costs as of 2008 are approximately JPY ¥48,400M (approximately USD $447M). Each unit is expected to cost approximately ¥700M ($6.5M).

The Japanese Ministry of Defense formally acknowledged the Type 10 in December 2009. In 2010, the Japanese Ministry of Defense placed a ¥12,400M order for thirteen Type 10 tanks (Unit cost: ¥954M).

These Type 10 tanks entered JGSDF service in January, 2012.

Other features are as follows:

  • Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) that allows the tank to reach 70 km/h forward as well as reverse.

  • Autoloader with crew of three (Commander and gunner in the turret, driver in the hull).

  • Hydropneumatic active suspension, which allows it to adjust its stance and absorbs recoil when firing.

  • Day/night sights mounted around the turret, providing a full 360° coverage as well as providing input to the C4I system.



Specifications:
Property Value
Length (mm)
9420
Width (mm)
3240
Height (mm)
2300
Weight (kg)
44000
Crew
3
Main weapon caliber (mm)
120
AA gun caliber (mm)
12.7
Auxiliary gun calibre (mm)
7.62
Max. road speed (km/h)
70




Last Contracts:
Qnt Customer Value Add Date
(Close Date)
Unit cost
10
JAPAN
$113.000.000
Nov 2010
(Dec 2013)
$11,300,000
Average Unit Cost:
$11,300,000

All contracts...


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