Designation:

Piranha III 8x8

Info
Manufacturer: General Dynamics European Land Systems-Mowag GmbH  
Product type: Armoured Vehicles  
Name: Wheeled armoured personnel carrier  

The PIRANHA III has set forth the true tradition of the proven PIRANHA vehicle concept, whereby the key design features have again been retained. These include the modular family approach; power pack on the front, right-hand side; central driveline system; independent wheel suspension; amphibious capabilities and large useable volume at the rear for weapons stations, equipment and troops. These features are identical throughout all vehicle versions.

PIRANHA III offers a payload versus GVW which is unrivalled on today's vehicle market when comparing the protection levels, internal volume and constant excellent mobility.

Whilst retaining the original PIRANHA concept, the PIRANHA III family incorporates a whole pallet of state-of-the-art features designed to counter threats and meet requirements well into the next century. Such features include:

A new, basic light-weight hull design, which provides an increased variable ballistic protection concept with the use of add-on armour packages including enhanced mine protection;

Higher payload versus Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) and increased useable internal volume;

A hydropneumatic suspension system at all wheel stations in combination with an optional suspension height adjustment system;

A new wheels system with provision for an integral Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS) and Anti-locking Brake System (ABS);

Choice of a number of fast-remove/-replace high-performance power packs in conjunction with a Single- or 2-speed transfer case assembly for enhanced off-road mobility;

A new high-torque driveline for commonality between all versions of PIRANHA III vehicles.

The most significant feature of the PIRANHA III family obtained through innovative design has been the payload versus GVW or combat weight. The new PIRANHA III design provides the customer with flexibility in the choice of protection levels and equipment/weapons integration and personnel transport. Through the modular concept, the question is how much payload/volume is required and not the number of axles/wheels; because the front section of the vehicle, including the two front steered axles, is identical on the 6x6, 8x8 and 10x10 versions of the PIRANHA III vehicles, it is just matter of how many rear axles are required, thus ensuring logistics commonality on all versions.

An important part of the modular design approach has been the power pack. Currently, MOWAG offers the choice of high-performance engines and torque-matching automatic transmissions, namely:

the German MTU 6V183 TE22 engine, developing 400 HP at 2300 rpm, with a growth potential of 450 HP, in combination with the ZF Ecomat 6HP 600 automatic transmission;

the U.S. Caterpillar C9 engine, developing 400 HP at 2500 rpm in combination with the ZF 7HP 602 automatic transmission.

The PIRANHA III family of vehicles offers the features and performances required of a modern, multi-role vehicle, which is wellsuited to practically any battlefield or peace-keeping/peace-enforcing role anywhere in the world, either as a best possibly protected APC or an ideal platform for a complete range of weapons systems from small calibre turrets up to the high firepower of a 105 mm gun.

The use of PIRANHA-family vehicles by peace-keeping forces has proven the inherent protection of the vehicle design, especially against mines. The knowledge gained through the experiences of the peace-keeping missions, as for example in former Yugoslavia and Somalia, has been implemented in the variable protection concept of the PIRANHA III, which allows the ballistic protection to be tailored to meet the expected threat in each mission scenario through the application of replaceable quick-mount add-on armour packages.

Another area which has been given due consideration has been mobility. A hydropneumatic system with a MOWAG-designed height adjustment system at all wheel stations in combination with the new wheels system with CTIS and ABS and the choice of tire sizes to suit any type of terrain, as well as high power-to-weight ratio power packs have resulted in a class of wheeled vehicles with a mobility comparable to tracked vehicles, whilst still retaining its air-transportability feature in a C-130 aircraft.

Specifications:
Property Value
Slew rates in Elevation (deg/sec)
36
Depression (degree)
-7
Elevation (degree)
59
Slew rates in Azimuth (deg/sec)
45
Traverse arc (degree)
360
Ammunition of the main gun
240
Ammunition of the auxiliary gun
400
Grenade launcher calibre (mm)
76
Number of smoke grenade launchers
8
Auxiliary gun calibre (mm)
7.62
Main weapon caliber (mm)
25
Engine power output (h.p.)
400
Max. road range (km)
500
Vertical obstacle (mm)
600
Trench (mm)
2000
Side slope (%)
30
Gradient (%)
60
Max. water speed (km/h)
10
Max. road speed (km/h)
100
Ground clearance (mm)
595
Height to hull top (mm)
2170
Width (mm)
2660
Length (mm)
7580
Weight for transportation (kg)
12500
Weight (kg)
18000
Number of wheels
8
Number of drive wheels
8
Payload (kg)
6000


Has folowing part:
Total Amount
AMS II (Mortar turret)
1
C-9 (Diesel engine)
1
CT-CV 105HP (Antitank turret)
1
E8 (Turret)
1
Ecomat 7HP602 (Transmission)
1
LAV-25 (Turret)
1
LCT-30 (Turret)
1
M151 Protector RWS (Remote controlled weapon station)
1
RLS 606 A1 (Turret)
1
RLS 606 A2 (Turret)
1
RLS 609 CH (Weapon station)
1

Piranha III 8x8 quantities:
Country Qnt
BELGIUM BELGIUM
242
BOTSWANA BOTSWANA
45
BRAZIL BRAZIL
30
DENMARK DENMARK
133
IRELAND IRELAND
80
ROMANIA ROMANIA
33
SAUDI ARABIA SAUDI ARABIA
724
SPAIN SPAIN
39
SWEDEN SWEDEN
33
SWITZERLAND SWITZERLAND
68
Qnt:
1427

Last Contracts:
Qnt Customer Value Add Date
(Close Date)
Unit cost
18
BRAZIL
 
Dec 2008
(Dec 2010)
 
12
BRAZIL
 
Sep 2006
(Dec 2007)
 
724
SAUDI ARABIA
$5.800.000.000
Feb 2006
(Oct 2012)
$8,011,050
242
BELGIUM
$604.000.000
Feb 2006
(Jan 2015)
$2,495,868
15
IRELAND
$36.600.000
Jan 2006
(Mar 2007)
$2,440,000
33
ROMANIA
 
Feb 2004
(Dec 2005)
 
91
DENMARK
$105.000.000
Jan 2003
(Jun 2010)
$1,153,846
Average Unit Cost:
$6,105,970

All contracts...


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