M60 Phoenix

Manufacturer: King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau (KADDB)  
Product type: Armoured Vehicles  
Name: Modernization of the vehicle  

Product Description

The Phoenix Project addresses both immediate and emerging operational threats to the M60 Main Battle Tank using a modular and flexible approach to improve shoot-on-the-move capabilities, as well as increased lethality, mobility, and survivability. These upgrades are achieved at low technical and operational risk and at low cost.

Pre-upgrade Status

  • Old fire control system (TTS), slow in engaging targets

  • 105 mm Main gun

  • Unable to acquire and fire on targets while moving

  • Thermal sighting system is not stabilised.

  • Armour protection level is not suitable to the foreseeable threat

  • Engine Power and suspension system overdue for upgrade

Post Upgrade Status

  • Ability to acquire both moving and stationary targets

  • High rate of first round hit probability

  • Improved protection and survivability

  • Improved mobility and manoeuverability

Upgrade Specifications

  • Phoenix Shoot-On-the-Move Upgrade

True shoot-on-the-move capability, day/night target acquisition, and improved first round hit probability are achieved

with Raytheon's Integrated Fire Control System (IFCS) upgrade.

  • Phoenix Lethality Upgrade

Significant improvement in the firepower and lethality of the current M60 platform is achieved through the replacement

of the M60 105 mm rifled cannon with RUAG Land Systems L50 120 mm smooth-bore Compact Tank Gun (CTG).

  • Phoenix Mobility Upgrade

Improvements in M60 acceleration and cross-country capability are achieved with the mobility upgrade provided by

General Dynamics Land Systems.

  • Phoenix Survivability Upgrade

Survivability is improved through the addition of the armour protection scheme for both the M60's turret and the hull.

The protection scheme can be reconfigured to changing threat conditions.

Surveillance and fire control

  • Eye-safe laser rangefinder integrated into gunner's sight system:

One pulse / second rate

200 - 9,995 m range

One million shot life

  • Second generation night sight integrated into gunner's sight system:

Linear cooler

240X4 detectors

Two-axis, stabilised line of sight platform with a director system.

  • Gun elevation sensor:

With electrical resolver

Replaces mechanical ballistic drive

  • Dynamic Vehicle Cant Sensor

  • Modular Ribbonised Organised Integrated (ROI) wiring system

  • Digital ballistic computer system

  • Turret stabilisation system upgrade

  • MIL-STD 1,553 digital data bus

Laser Warning Device

  • Hemispherical Coverage down to -30

  • Continuous Coverage from 500 -1,800 nm

  • Probability of detection:

95 % Single pulse;

99 % Multiple pulse threats.

  • Threat Coverage includes latest generation, beam rider and high energy dazzle lasers

  • Optical threat reloading and identification

Gun Parameters

  • Semi-automatic dropping wedge breech

  • Mean Recoil Travel: 440 mm

  • Maximum Recoil Travel: 450 mm

  • Mean Recoil Force: 290 kn

  • Maximum Recoil Force: 390 kN

  • Design Gas Pressure: 7,400 bar

  • Elevating mass: 3,780 kg

  • Recoiling mass: 1,860 kg

  • Rate of Fire 6 to 10 rounds per minute


  • In Development: add-on armour protection pack, ammunition storage and containment system

Man-ready Ammunition Containment unit

20 rounds ready-rack storage

  • Electro-mechanical Gun/Turret drive unit (In development)

Digital motor drive unit

EM Traverse mechanism assembly

Fully developed turret control and stabilisation software


  • Upgrade engine to 950 HP(General Dynamics Engine upgrade)

  • Upgrade transmission to CD 1,000

  • New air cleaner and air induction systems

  • Improved suspension system

  • New and improved final drives

  • High speed directed launcher (HSDL)

  • Number of tubes: 2 to 12

  • Coverage: hemisherical

  • Payload type: multi-spectral smoke optional hardxill

Property Value
Main weapon caliber (mm)
Barrel length (calibres)

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M60 Phoenix
M60 Phoenix
M60 Phoenix
M60 Phoenix
M60 Phoenix
M60 Phoenix
M60 Phoenix